Video 101 for Educators
Digital video is an effective way for students to communicate and demonstrate their learning. It offers students and teachers access to a highly engaging medium - video - in order share stories and represent ideas. It also helps students to become more critical about the media that they are engaging in and shows them how images, video and sound come together to influence people.
There is a broad range of equipment that could be used for making videos. There are three things you need: a way to capture the video, a way to edit the video, and a way to publish the video.
- Capturing video can be done using web cams, cell phones, video cameras, or digital cameras. The quality of the video image is related to the type of capture device that you use. Some devices are easier to import into a computer than others.
- Video editing can be accessed at many different levels from very little editing to a professional looking product. The amount of time and effort that you put into a project is proportional to its result.
- Publishing video depends on how you want people to access the video materials. You can publish materials to CD ROM or DVD's, as well as an electronic file format that could be shared or published online.
For an analysis of internet videos please review Viral Video 101 for Educators
There are many different video editing software products that are available to you. Here are a couple of examples of other software:
Capturing the Video
Remember - the size of the camera lens and what it has been built for will reflect on the quality of the video of the capturing device.
Video Cameras The video camera is the most important component of the capturing process. There are many different types of video cameras that are available to you. MiniDV cameras seem to be the most popular with regards to size, quality and price range.
Digital Cameras Many digital cameras now offer the ability to capture audio and video, as well as images. The quality of the video and audio is often not as good as a video camera, but they can still get the job done. The other benefit is gaining access to these types of cameras is often much easier than video cameras.
Web Cameras Web cameras allow you to record audio and video from your desktop. The major problem with these cameras is mobility - you are stuck to the computer through a cord. The quality of the audio and video is usually grainy compared to a video camera.
Camera Phones Some camera phones allow you to capture short audio and video clips. These clips are of low quality but my be useful for certain video applications and effects.
Hard Drive The video imagery needs to be placed on a hard drive in order for you to be able to edit the video on your computer. The longer the video the more hard drive space is required. A 5 gig hard drive would be good for a 20 minute MiniDV video.
Cords and Cables A Firewire (IEEE 1394) or USB 2.0 cable may be necessary in order to move the content from your camera on to the computer.
Other cables allow you to transfer video content from a video camera to the computer through an RGB adapter.
Microphones An external microphone is often better to use than the internal micophone on the video camera.
Lighting You may need lighting beyond the lighting that is included on many video cameras.
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Stop Motion Animation
Stop motion is a general term for an animation technique which makes static objects appear to move. The object is moved by very small amounts between individually photographed frames, producing the effect of motion when the series of frames is played back at normal speed, as in conventional drawn and painted animation. We will be using MovieMaker 2 to create very short stop motion animation videos.
Machinima, machine cinema or machine animation, is both a collection of associated production techniques and a film genre defined by those techniques. As a production technique, the term concerns the rendering of computer-generated imagery (CGI) using real-time, interactive (game) 3D engines, as opposed to high-end and complex 3D animation software used by professionals. Engines from first-person shooter and role-playing simulation video games are typically used.
Rob Wright's alter ego Robbie Dingo is a Music Professor in the UK. He is a well known Machinima maker and has won several awards at machinima festivals.
Photos to Video
Using Photostory 3 we can create moving images with sound out of our photos in a short period of time.
Anim8ed An on-line animation resource offering ideas, contacts and suggestions for teachers, educators and those interested in developing animation projects with groups.
Video In Education Web References
Digital Video in Education Dean Shareski has created an excellent resource that should not be missed by any K12 Educator.
Videography for Educators The Videography for Educators exhibit features tips and techniques to assist in the creation of quality video products.
Television ProductionA Free, Interactive Course in Studio and Field Production
Reel Action Teen Media Productions The following links provide access to online tutorials and other information about media production.
Movie-Making for Kids Here you'll learn the basics to producing your own digital movie, get to know the terms used in movie-making, and even learn proper techniques in video-shooting!
Lights, Camera... Leadership! Curriculum Guide