Cognitive constructivism based on the work of educational psychologists like Piaget, who views knowledge as being created through experience. Knowledge is not transferred from teacher to student in a ready-made format, but actively built by each learner. The internet makes this process much easier than in a non-wired classroom. By using hyperlinks, educators can connect to several resources, scaffolding studentsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ construction of knowledge.
Social constructivism looks at learning from a social perspective. The Vygotskian concept of zone of proximal development is an appropriate example. It stresses elements of learning which cannot be accounted for by a learnerÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s own intellectual activity, but grounded in interpersonal exchange. As students engage in discussion and social interaction they construct their knowledge by considering other peoplesÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ opinions and actions. Educators have the opportunity to Ã¢â‚¬Å“eavesdropÃ¢â‚¬? on ideas that are going back and forth between students, give feedback and guide student understanding.